The non-EU country, Switzerland, became part of the Schengen area after it signed the agreement on 26 October 2004 and started its implementation on 12 December 2008.
The country is landlocked between Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. It has an area of 41,285 km and four national languages: French, German, Italian and Romansh.
Switzerland has one of the most powerful European economies and its 8,401,739 citizens have one of the highest living standards in the world.
In 2017, Switzerland received 517,010 visa applications. This makes it the tenth Schengen state with most applications received, despite of having a smaller territory than most of the other member states.