Spain has an area of 510,000 km2 and shares land borders in the north and northeast with France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest with Portugal. It is the second largest country in the EU bloc with a population of 46,347,576 residents.

The Spanish cities, Madrid and Barcelona, are some of the cities that allure most foreign visitors in Europe. Bullfights, La Tomatina festival and Ibiza’s Parties are among the best-known and attended events in Spain.

Spain signed the agreement alongside with Portugal, on 25 June 1991 and both of them started its implementation on 26 March 1995.