The Republic of Latvia shares borders with Estonia in the northern region, Lithuania in the southern, to the east is Russia, and Belarus to the southeast. The 64,589km2 country has a population of 1,970,530 inhabitants.
Latvia is currently a member of the European Union, NATO, the Council of Europe, the United Nations, CBSS, the IMF, NB8, NIB, OECD, OSCE, and WTO. It signed the Schengen agreement on 16 April 2003, and started its implementation on 21 December 2007, thus becoming part of the European borderless territory.
Its capital, Riga is known for its architecture, multicultural heritage, and the Old Town, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Riga was named the European Capital of Culture for 2014.